The share of U.S. workers holding occupational licenses has grown from 5 percent in 1950 to nearly 30 percent today. Licenses make sense in professions where consumer health and safety are at risk. But in many occupations, they block upward mobility.

Brookings Institution event “Occupational licensing: Too much of a good thing?” November 2, 2015

White House report “Occupational licensing: A framework for policymakers,”  July 2015

OA paper on occupational certification “The Certification Revolution,” December 2014

Institute for Justice “License to work: A national study of occupational licensing,” May 2012


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